Source: Griffin and Tyrrell (2004) Human Givens
Air to breathe, water, nutritious food and sufficient of the right quality of sleep.
We also need the freedom to stimulate our senses and exercise our muscles. In addition, we instinctively seek sufficient and secure shelter where we can grow, reproduce ourselves and bring up our young in safety.
Our physical needs are intimately bound up with our emotional needs.
Emotional needs include:
... security safe territory and an environment which allows usto develop fully
... attention (to give and receive it)
... sense of autonomy and control
... being emotionally connected to others
... being valued by the wider community status
... friendship and intimacy
... meaning and purpose which comes from being stretched in what we do and how we think.
If these needs are not met as we grow up, we easily become needy, greedy, angry, anxious and depressed hugely negative forms of emotional arousal.
Innate human resources
Nature programmed resources which evolved alongside our needs include:
The ability to develop complex long-term memory, which enables us to learn and add new knowledge to our innate knowledge.
The ability to build rapport, empathise and connect with others.
Imagination, which enables us to focus our attention away from our immediate emotional responses and solve problems more creatively and objectively.
A curious, conscious, rational mind that can check out emotions, question, analyse and plan (a left brain hemisphere activity).
The ability to store and develop knowledge that is, to understand the world through metaphorical pattern matching (an unconscious, right brain hemisphere activity).
An observing self the awareness of being aware: that part of us which can step back from our intellect, emotion and conditioning and be more objective (a frontal lobe activity).
The ability to dream, which discharges unexpressed emotional arousal from the day just gone to free the brain to deal with the next days emotionally arousing concerns and thus preserve the integrity of our genetic inheritance.
Even in this truncated list form, it is possible to see how many of these needs and resources could be used to provide a simple yardstick for gauging the effectiveness of an institution, political policy, company or service: in other words, how well it measures up to the criteria of meeting physical and emotional needs - the human givens.
- To be Connected to others
- Autonomy and Control
- To be part of the community
- To be stretched intellectually and physically
- Anger Management
- Caring for Yourself
- Dealing with disputes
- Developing a Social Network
- Getting the life that you want
- Managing Anxiety and Panic Attacks
- Managing Depression
- Managing OCD
- Mental Health Awareness
- Neighbourhood Disputes
- Pain Management
- Parenting under Pressure as well
- Personal Development
- Recovery ( Getting Better)
- Relationship skills
- Self-Esteem Workshop
- Self Hypnosis and Life skills
- Sleep Clinic
- Social Skills Training
- Solutions (Practical Support)
- Stress Awareness
- Understanding and Dealing with Addiction
- Unusual Beliefs.